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Opt Express. 2009 Feb 16;17(4):2670-85.

Measurement of coherent x-ray focused beams by phase retrieval with transverse translation diversity.

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  • 1The Institute of Optics, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York, 14627, USA.


We describe a method for characterizing focused x-ray beams using phase retrieval, with diversity achieved by transversely translating a phase-shifting or absorbing structure close to the beam focus. The required measurements can be taken with an experimental setup that is similar to that already used for fluorescent scan testing. The far-field intensity pattern is measured for each position of the translating structure, and the collected measurements are jointly used to estimate the beam profile by using a nonlinear optimization gradient search algorithm. The capability to re-construct 1D and 2D beam foci is demonstrated through numerical simulations.

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