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Neurosignals. 2009;17(1):23-41. doi: 10.1159/000186688. Epub 2009 Feb 12.

Molecular mechanisms of go signaling.

Author information

  • 1Department of Molecular and Medical Pharmacology, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA. jm@ucla.edu

Abstract

Go is the most abundant G protein in the central nervous system, where it comprises about 1% of membrane protein in mammalian brains. It functions to couple cell surface receptors to intercellular effectors, which is a critical process for cells to receive, interpret and respond to extracellular signals. Go protein belongs to the pertussis toxin-sensitive Gi/Go subfamily of G proteins. A number of G-protein-coupled receptors transmit stimuli to intercellular effectors through Go. Go regulates several cellular effectors, including ion channels, enzymes, and even small GTPases to modulate cellular function. This review summarizes some of the advances in Go research and proposes areas to be further addressed in exploring the functional role of Go.

Copyright 2009 S. Karger AG, Basel.

PMID:
19212138
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2836949
Free PMC Article

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