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J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2009 Jun;20(6):637-42. doi: 10.1111/j.1540-8167.2008.01375.x. Epub 2009 Dec 15.

Acute success of cryoablation of left-sided accessory pathways: a single institution study.

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  • 1Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Heart Center, Akron Children's Hospital, One Perkins Square, Akron, OH 44308, USA. gist.kat@gmail.com



To compare the acute success and recurrence rate of cryoablation for left-sided accessory pathways (AP) with controls who underwent radiofrequency ablation (RFA) at the same institution.


Catheter cryoablation of supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) is considered to be a safer alternative a compared with RFA. At our institution, cryoablation has become the primary interventional modality for all APs. The reported success rates of cryoablation for AP-mediated tachycardia have generally been less favorable than for RFA. However, the location of AP may influence cryoablation outcome. Furthermore, there are little data available on cryoablation of left-sided pathways.


A chart review was performed for all patients undergoing cryoablation between August 2005 and August 2007. Twenty-nine patients (mean age 13 years, range 6-18 years) were identified with SVT secondary to left-sided AP. The data collected included patient age, height, weight, date of procedure, mapping, ablation and procedure time, pathway location, success, and recurrence. Cryoablation was performed via a transseptal approach. Procedural success and recurrence rate were compared with our most recent 28 patients undergoing RFA ablation.


Procedural success was achieved in 97% of patients in the cryoablation group, compared with 100% in the RFA control group. Recurrence rate in the cryoablation group was 1 of 24 (4.2%) patients compared with 4 of 28 (14%) patients in the RFA group over 12 months.


Cryoablation can be safely and effectively used in the treatment of left-sided AP. Long-term outcomes remain to be seen.

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