Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Congenit Heart Dis. 2009 Jan-Feb;4(1):50-3. doi: 10.1111/j.1747-0803.2008.00229.x.

Heterotaxy syndrome with mirror image anomalies in identical twins.

Author information

  • 1Pediatric Cardiology, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA.


Heterotaxy syndrome is a term used to describe disorders of lateralization of thoracic and abdominal organs as well as atria. It is commonly associated with complex congenital heart disease as well as abnormalities of the spleen, intestinal malrotation, and abnormalities of liver and stomach position. Most reported cases of heterotaxy syndrome are sporadic, though familial occurrences have also been reported. We report a case of monozygotic twins, both with heterotaxy syndrome, complex congenital heart disease, and anatomical features in both twins that are almost mirror images to each other.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Wiley
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk