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J Chem Phys. 2009 Feb 7;130(5):054112. doi: 10.1063/1.3073302.

A long-range-corrected density functional that performs well for both ground-state properties and time-dependent density functional theory excitation energies, including charge-transfer excited states.

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  • 1Department of Chemistry, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210, USA.


We introduce a hybrid density functional that asymptotically incorporates full Hartree-Fock exchange, based on the long-range-corrected exchange-hole model of Henderson et al. [J. Chem. Phys. 128, 194105 (2008)]. The performance of this functional, for ground-state properties and for vertical excitation energies within time-dependent density functional theory, is systematically evaluated, and optimal values are determined for the range-separation parameter, omega, and for the fraction of short-range Hartree-Fock exchange. We denote the new functional as LRC-omegaPBEh, since it reduces to the standard PBEh hybrid functional (also known as PBE0 or PBE1PBE) for a certain choice of its two parameters. Upon optimization of these parameters against a set of ground- and excited-state benchmarks, the LRC-omegaPBEh functional fulfills three important requirements: (i) It outperforms the PBEh hybrid functional for ground-state atomization energies and reaction barrier heights; (ii) it yields statistical errors comparable to PBEh for valence excitation energies in both small and medium-sized molecules; and (iii) its performance for charge-transfer excitations is comparable to its performance for valence excitations. LRC-omegaPBEh, with the parameters determined herein, is the first density functional that satisfies all three criteria. Notably, short-range Hartree-Fock exchange appears to be necessary in order to obtain accurate ground-state properties and vertical excitation energies using the same value of omega.

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