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Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2009 Feb;140(2):250-5. doi: 10.1016/j.otohns.2008.11.006.

Early tracheotomy in elderly patients results in less ventilator-associated pneumonia.

Author information

  • 1Department of Otolaryngology, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY, USA. Glenn_Schneider@urmc.rochester.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To determine if the timing of tracheotomy in elderly patients results in less ventilator associated-pneumonia, mortality, and morbidity.

STUDY DESIGN:

Historical cohort study.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS:

This study included 158 ICU patients aged >65 who underwent tracheotomy from March 2003 to June 2007. Patient demographics, outcomes, and ventilation data were collected and analyzed.

RESULTS:

The early tracheotomy group (continuous intubation time <7 days) included 43 patients, and 115 patients were included in the late group. There were no statistically significant differences in the demographics of the two groups. A statistically significant difference in the rate of ventilator-associated pneumonia was noted in the early versus late tracheotomy group (-0.29% VAP, 95% CI: -0.46, -0.12). There were more intubations per patient noted in the early tracheotomy group versus the late tracheotomy group (0.70 intubations, 95% CI: 0.41, 0.99). The early tracheotomy group has a lower total ICU admission time (-9.5 days, 95% CI: -21.81, -2.25) and total hospital admission time (-10 days, 95% CI: -33.69, -2.249). There was no difference in mortality, although there was a trend of lower mortality in the early tracheotomy group (-11.3% mortality, 95% CI: -0.27, -0.05).

CONCLUSION:

Early tracheotomy in elderly patients is associated with less ventilator-associated pneumonia, more frequent intubations, less total admission time, and a trend toward lower mortality.

PMID:
19201298
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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