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Genomics. 2009 May;93(5):461-72. doi: 10.1016/j.ygeno.2008.12.012. Epub 2009 Feb 4.

Identification of the mouse paternally expressed imprinted gene Zdbf2 on chromosome 1 and its imprinted human homolog ZDBF2 on chromosome 2.

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  • 1Department of BioScience, Tokyo University of Agriculture, 1-1-1 Sakuragaoka, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo 156-8502, Japan.


In mammals, both the maternal and paternal genomes are necessary for normal embryogenesis due to parent-specific epigenetic modification of the genome during gametogenesis, which leads to non-equivalent expression of imprinted genes from the maternal and paternal alleles. In this study, we identified a paternally expressed imprinted gene, Zdbf2, by microarray-based screening using parthenogenetic and normal embryos. Expression analyses showed that Zdbf2 was paternally expressed in various embryonic and adult tissues, except for the placenta and adult testis, which showed biallelic expression of the gene. We also identified a differentially methylated region (DMR) at 10 kb upstream of exon 1 of the Zdbf2 gene and this differential methylation was derived from the germline. Furthermore, we also identified that the human homolog (ZDBF2) of the mouse Zdbf2 gene showed paternal allele-specific expression in human lymphocytes but not in the human placenta. Thus, our findings defined mouse chromosome 1 and human chromosome 2 as the loci for imprinted genes.

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