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J Am Chem Soc. 2009 Mar 4;131(8):2768-9. doi: 10.1021/ja808166d.

Oxygen-oxygen bond formation by the Ru-Hbpp water oxidation catalyst occurs solely via an intramolecular reaction pathway.

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  • 1Institute of Chemical Research of Catalonia (ICIQ), Avinguda Pa├»sos Catalans 16, E-43007 Tarragona, Spain.


A thorough kinetics investigation of the Ru-Hbpp water oxidation catalyst has been carried out at temperatures in the range 10-40 degrees C. Four oxidative electron-transfer processes that take the catalyst from its initial II,II oxidation state up to the formal IV,IV oxidation state were kinetically characterized and the corresponding activation parameters determined. Once the IV,IV oxidation state is reached, two additional slower kinetic processes take place, corresponding to the formation of an intermediate that finally evolves oxygen and regenerates the initial Ru-Hbpp catalyst. These two kinetic processes were also fully characterized with respect to the evaluation of their rate constants and activation parameters. Furthermore, (18)O labeling experiments were performed with different degrees of labeled catalyst and solvent, and the (16)O(2)/(16)O(18)O/(18)O(2) isotopic distribution of the generated molecular oxygen was calculated. These results clearly point to the existence of a single intramolecular reaction pathway for the formation of the oxygen-oxygen bond in the case of the Ru-Hbpp catalyst.

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