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Pharm Res. 2009 May;26(5):1155-61. doi: 10.1007/s11095-009-9835-0. Epub 2009 Feb 5.

Human scleral diffusion of anticancer drugs from solution and nanoparticle formulation.

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  • 1Department of Ophthalmology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia, USA. esther.soon@gmail.com

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To determine the transscleral permeability of chemotherapeutic drugs vinblastine and doxorubicin for treatment of intraocular tumors, and to compare the use of doxorubicin encapsulated in PLGA and liposome nanoparticles.

METHODS:

Human sclera was isolated and mounted in a Lucite chamber. Fluorescently tagged vinblastine (VIN), innately fluorescent free doxorubicin (DOX), PLGA doxorubicin (PLGA-DOX), or Doxil (Tibotec Therapeutics) were added to the episcleral donor chamber. The choroidal side was perfused with Balanced Salt Solution. Perfusate fractions were collected over 24 h and measured for fluorescence. Following the experiment, tissue sections were imaged, underwent a drug wash out procedure, and tissue drug content was analyzed using an LC-MS/MS method.

RESULTS:

Within 24 h, a total of 68%, 74%, 29%, and 1.9% of the drug dose from VIN, DOX, PLGA-DOX, and Doxil, respectively, diffused across the sclera. VIN and DOX scleral tissue showed strong fluorescence after 24 h. PLGA-DOX displayed scattered fluorescence, and Doxil indicated minimal fluorescence. LC-MS/MS revealed strong tissue binding of DOX.

CONCLUSIONS:

This study suggests both vinblastine and doxorubicin are able to diffuse across human sclera. In addition, PLGA nanoparticles delivered doxorubicin at a slower rate across the sclera, and the liposome preparation resulted in the slowest delivery of drug.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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