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Curr Issues Mol Biol. 2009;11 Suppl 1:i73-84. Epub 2009 Feb 2.

Locus interactions underlie seed yield in soybeans resistant to Heterodera glycines.

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  • 1Plant Biotechnology and Genomics Core-Facility, Department of Plant, Soil, and Agricultural Systems, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, IL 62901-4415, USA.


In soybean (Glycine max L. Merr.) combining resistance to cyst nematode (SCN; Heterodera glycines I.) with high seed yield remains problematic. Molecular markers linked to quantitative trait loci (QTL) have not provided a solution. Sets of markers describing a collection of favorable alleles (linkats) may assist plant breeders seeking to combine both traits. The objective of this analysis was to identify linkats in genomic regions underlying seed yield and root SCN resistance QTL. Used were groups of cultivars selected from a single recombinant inbred (RIL) population derived from 'Essex' by 'Forrest' (ExF). The yield was measured at four locations. SCN resistance was determined in greenhouse assays. The mean seed yield was used to define 3 groups (each n = 30), high, medium and low. SCN resistance formed 2 groups (SCN resistant (n = 21) and SCN susceptible (n = 69)). Microsatellite markers (213) alleles were compared with seed yield and root SCN (Hetrodera glycines) resistance using mean analysis. The number, size and position of potential linkats were determined. Loci, genomic regions and linkats associated with seed yield were identified on linkage group (LG) K and with root resistance to SCN e on LG E, G, and D1b+W. A method to identify co-localized genomic regions is presented.

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