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J Hazard Mater. 2009 Aug 15;167(1-3):434-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2008.12.135. Epub 2009 Jan 14.

Photodegradation of C.I. Reactive Red 2 in UV/TiO2-based systems: effects of ultrasound irradiation.

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  • 1Department of Environmental Engineering, Da-Yeh University, 112 Shan-Jiau Road, Da-Tsuen, Chang-Hua 515, Taiwan, ROC. chunghsinwu@yahoo.com.tw

Abstract

This investigation elucidated the decolorization of C.I. Reactive Red 2 (RR2) in US/TiO(2), UV/TiO(2) and UV/US/TiO(2) systems and evaluated the effect of ultrasound (US) irradiation in photocatalysis. The effects of RR2 concentration, temperature and the addition of NaCl, Na(2)S(2)O(8) and radical scavenger were determined. The decolorization reactions obeyed the pseudo-first-order kinetics in all tested systems. In US-related systems, the decolorization rate of RR2 declines as RR2 concentration increases. At pH 7, the decolorization rates followed the order UV/US/TiO(2) (0.94 h(-1))>UV/TiO(2) (0.85 h(-1))>US/TiO(2) (0.25 h(-1)). The promotion efficiencies of adding NaCl in US/TiO(2), UV/TiO(2) and UV/US/TiO(2) systems were 16%, 18% and 29%, respectively. The decolorization rate increased with the temperature; additionally, the decolorization rate in UV/US/TiO(2)/Na(2)S(2)O(8) exceeded that in UV/US/TiO(2). The inhibition of RR2 decolorization by adding 1-butanol reveals that the primary decolorization pathway involves hydroxyl radicals, and that direct oxidation by photogenerated holes is probably important in the UV/TiO(2)-based system. After 120 min of the reaction, the TOC degradation efficiencies of UV/TiO(2) and UV/US/TiO(2) systems were 47% and 63%, respectively.

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