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Am Heart J. 2009 Feb;157(2):345-51. doi: 10.1016/j.ahj.2008.10.004. Epub 2008 Dec 9.

Evaluation of left ventricular short- and long-axis function in severe mitral regurgitation using 2-dimensional strain echocardiography.

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  • 1Department of Internal Medicine, Cardiovascular Center, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, Korea.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Few data exist on the changes in left ventricular (LV) short- and long-axis function and their usefulness as markers of LV contractile function in patients with chronic, severe mitral regurgitation (MR).

METHODS:

We studied 59 patients who had severe MR with an ejection fraction > or =50% and 34 healthy controls. Speckle tracking imaging was performed to measure peak systolic radial (SR(R)), circumferential (SR(C)), and longitudinal strain rates (SR(L)). In all patients, the peak rate of LV pressure rise (peak dP/dt) was measured using a micromanometer-tipped catheter. The patients were subdivided into patients with preserved (group 1, peak dP/dt > or =1,300 mm Hg/s [n = 30]) and depressed (group 2 [n = 29]) contractile function.

RESULTS:

SR(L) was significantly depressed in groups 1 and 2 when compared with the control group, but there was no difference between groups 1 and 2. In contrast, SR(R) and SR(C) were depressed only in group 2, whereas there were no differences between the control group and group 1. SR(R) and SR(C) correlated well with peak dP/dt (r = 0.71, P <.001 and r = -0.63, P <.001, respectively), whereas SR(L) did not. These findings suggest that LV long-axis function becomes depressed earlier than short-axis function in the chronic remodeling process.

CONCLUSIONS:

Left ventricular short-axis function is a useful marker of LV contractility in patients with chronic, severe MR. Left ventricular long-axis function becomes depressed earlier in the chronic remodeling process. Therefore, evaluation of short-axis as well as long-axis function might be important for better assessment of LV contractile function in these patients.

PMID:
19185644
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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