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Virchows Arch. 2009 Mar;454(3):311-6. doi: 10.1007/s00428-009-0732-z. Epub 2009 Jan 28.

RABGAP1L gene rearrangement resulting from a der(Y)t(Y;1)(q12;q25) in acute myeloid leukemia arising in a child with Klinefelter syndrome.

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  • 1Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics, Bambino Gesù Children's Hospital, Piazza S. Onofrio 4, 00165, Rome, Italy.


In this study, we report the molecular cytogenetic characterization of an acute myeloid leukemia with a der(Y)t(Y;1)(q12;q25) in bone marrow cells in a child with Klinefelter syndrome. Conventional cytogenetics demonstrated the unbalanced translocation, i.e., a trisomic 1q25-qter juxtaposed to Yq12 replaced the terminal segment of chromosome Y was acquired and present only on bone marrow cells. Fluorescence in situ hybridization showed that the breakpoint at 1q25 disrupted RABGAP1L, a strongly expressed gene in CFU-GEMM, erythroid cells, and megakaryocytes, while the Yq12 breakpoint fell within the heterochromatic region. As der(Y)t(Y;1)(q12;q25) was an isolated cytogenetic change, RABGAP1L rearrangement as well as gene(s) dosage effects correlated to 1q25-qter trisomy, and Yq12-qter loss may make a major contribution to leukemogenesis and/or disease progression.

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