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HIV Med. 2009 Apr;10(4):229-35. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-1293.2008.00675.x. Epub 2009 Jan 28.

Prolonged use of tenofovir in HIV/hepatitis B virus (HBV)-coinfected individuals does not lead to HBV polymerase mutations and is associated with persistence of lamivudine HBV polymerase mutations.

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  • 1Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The aim of the study was to identify and characterize hepatitis B virus (HBV) polymerase gene mutations associated with ongoing HBV replication in HIV/HBV-coinfected individuals receiving tenofovir (TDF).

METHODS:

This retrospective cross-sectional study identified 28 HIV/HBV-coinfected individuals who had received TDF for at least 3 months. All patients had samples available while receiving TDF (on-TDF), and 24 also had samples available prior to treatment (pre-TDF). Case records were reviewed to obtain clinical and virological data at the times of sampling (+/-3 months). The HBV DNA of all samples was amplified using polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and the polymerase region of PCR-positive samples was sequenced and compared with reference HBV data.

RESULTS:

Of the pre-TDF samples, 15 of 24 (63%) were HBV PCR positive. Of the on-TDF samples, four of 28 (14%) were HBV PCR positive (mean time on TDF 13.5 months; range 3-23 months). Lamivudine (3TC)-resistance mutations were detected in three of four (75%) of these viraemic samples. The previously identified putative TDF-resistance mutations, rtA194T+rtL180M+rtM204V, were not detected in any individual.

CONCLUSIONS:

Unique mutations in the HBV polymerase gene associated with TDF resistance are rare in HIV/HBV coinfection. 3TC-resistance mutations persist and a significant proportion of patients are HBV PCR positive despite the addition of TDF.

PMID:
19178592
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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