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Talanta. 2009 Apr 15;78(1):284-9. doi: 10.1016/j.talanta.2008.11.018. Epub 2008 Nov 25.

Highly-sensitive cholesterol biosensor based on well-crystallized flower-shaped ZnO nanostructures.

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  • 1Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Najran University, Najran, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.


This paper reports the fabrication of highly-sensitive cholesterol biosensor based on cholesterol oxidase (ChOx) immobilization on well-crystallized flower-shaped ZnO structures composed of perfectly hexagonal-shaped ZnO nanorods grown by low-temperature simple solution process. The fabricated cholesterol biosensors reported a very high and reproducible sensitivity of 61.7 microA microM(-1)cm(-2) with a response time less than 5s and detection limit (based on S/N ratio) of 0.012 microM. The biosensor exhibited a linear dynamic range from 1.0-15.0 microM and correlation coefficient of R=0.9979. A lower value of apparent Michaelis-Menten constant (K(m)(app)), of 2.57 mM, exhibited a high affinity between the cholesterol and ChOx immobilized on flower-shaped ZnO structures. Moreover, the effect of pH on ChOx activity on the ZnO modified electrode has also been studied in the range of 5.0-9.0 which exhibited a best enzymatic activity at the pH range of 6.8-7.6. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report in which such a very high-sensitivity and low detection limit has been achieved for the cholesterol biosensor by using ZnO nanostructures modified electrodes.

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