Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Mov Disord. 2009 Jan 15;24(1):15-24. doi: 10.1002/mds.22378.

The management of tics.

Author information

  • 1Department of Neurology, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, NY 14620, USA.

Abstract

A tic is a stereotyped repetitive involuntary movement or sound, frequently preceded by premonitory sensations or urges. Most tic disorders are genetic or idiopathic in nature, possibly due to a developmental failure of inhibitory function within frontal-subcortical circuits modulating volitional movements. Currently available oral medications can reduce the severity of tics, but rarely eliminate them. Botulinum toxin injections can be effective if there are a few particularly disabling motor tics. Deep brain stimulation has been reported to be an effective treatment for the most severe cases, but remains unproven. A comprehensive evaluation accounting for secondary causes, psychosocial factors, and comorbid neuropsychiatric conditions is essential to successful treatment of tic disorders.

PMID:
19170198
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2701289
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk