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J Endod. 2009 Feb;35(2):206-11. doi: 10.1016/j.joen.2008.11.015.

An extract of green tea, epigallocatechin-3-gallate, reduces periapical lesions by inhibiting cysteine-rich 61 expression in osteoblasts.

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  • 1School of Dentistry, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan.


Recent investigations indicate that epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), the major polyphenol of green tea, has anti-inflammatory properties. This study assessed the effect of EGCG on oncostatin M (OSM)-induced synthesis of cysteine-rich 61 (Cyr61), a potential osteolytic mediator, in MG-63 human osteoblastic cells. The therapeutic effect of EGCG in apical periodontitis in rats was also examined. Western blot analysis showed that OSM stimulated Cyr61 synthesis in MG-63 in a time-dependent manner, whereas EGCG readily attenuated this effect. On the other hand, Cyr61 treatment of MG-63 cells induced the release of CCL2, a chemokine responsible for macrophage chemotaxis. In a rat model of induced apical periodontitis, radiography and histopathology revealed that administration of EGCG markedly diminished the severity of periapical lesions. The numbers of Cyr61-synthesizing osteoblasts and infiltrating macrophages were also decreased. Thus, EGCG suppresses the progression of apical periodontitis, possibly by diminishing Cyr61 expression in osteoblasts and, subsequently, macrophage chemotaxis into the lesions.

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