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Gynecol Oncol. 1991 Jul;42(1):48-53.

Presentation of cervical cancer.

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  • 1Department of Gynecologic Oncology and Pelvic Surgery, Southern California Permanente Medical Group, Los Angeles 92120.

Abstract

To determine how patients with invasive cervical cancer present and whether presentation affects disease-free survival (DFS), a review of 81 patients treated for cervical cancer by the Division of Gynecologic Oncology and Pelvic Surgery at the Southern California Permanente Medical Group between January 1, 1986, and December 31, 1986, was performed. Fifty-six percent of patients presented with abnormal vaginal bleeding, twenty-eight percent presented with abnormal Papanicolaou (Pap) smears, nine percent presented with pain, four percent presented with vaginal discharge, and four percent presented with other symptoms. Follow-up was 24 to 41 months. Patients presenting with abnormal Pap smears had DFS of 96%. Those presenting with abnormal vaginal bleeding had DFS of 51% and those presenting with pain had DFS of 29%. Presentation strongly influences DFS (chi 2 = 16.8, P less than 0.001). Of women presenting with abnormal Pap smears, 87% were Stage I and 13% were Stage II. Of women presenting with other than abnormal Pap smears, 40% were Stage I, 34% were Stage II, and 26% were Stage III or IV. Presentation with abnormal Pap smear and stage are significantly related (chi 2 = 14.8, P less than 0.001). Of women presenting with abnormal Pap smears, 89% had cancers 0 to 2 cm, 5% had cancers 2.1 to 4 cm, and 5% had cancers greater than 4 cm in diameter. Of women presenting with other than abnormal Pap smears, 21% had cancers 0 to 2 cm, 26% had cancers 2.1 to 4 cm, and 53% had cancers greater than 4 cm in diameter. Presentation with abnormal Pap smear is significantly associated with tumor size (chi 2 = 25.4, P less than 0.001).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

PMID:
1916510
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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