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Opt Express. 2009 Jan 19;17(2):1042-54.

Not-lithographic fabrication of micro-structured fiber Bragg gratings evanescent wave sensors.

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  • 1Optoelectronic Division -Engineering Department, University of Sannio, Garibaldi 107, 82100 Benevento, Italy.


This work is devoted to present and to demonstrate a novel approach for the fabrication of micro-structured fiber Bragg gratings (MSFBGs) to be employed as technological platform for advanced optochemical sensors. Basically, the MSFBG consists in a localized SRI sensitization of the grating by deep cladding stripping. The introduction of a perturbation or defect along the grating leads to the formation of a defect state inside the FBG spectral response that is tunable through the surrounding medium refractive index. While its spectral features for sensing and communication applications have been widely described and commented elsewhere, here a simple fabrication procedure is presented as suitable technological assessment enabling cost effective and simple MSFBG production. It relies on a two steps technique based on arc-discharge procedure as fiber pre-treatment and mask-less wet chemical etching to locally sensitize the FBG to external refractive index. The new, simple and low-cost approach overcomes some technological drawbacks related to previous fabrication techniques adopting patterned masking procedures during the etching process. This work demonstrates the effectiveness of the proposed method reporting a detailed description of single and two defects MSFBG fabrication.

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