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Cell Cycle. 2009 Jan 15;8(2):204-9. Epub 2009 Jan 10.

The translation initiation factor DAP5 is a regulator of cell survival during mitosis.

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  • 1Department of Molecular Genetics, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel.


Initiation of protein translation is tightly regulated by various physiological signals and involves cap-dependent and independent mechanisms. DAP5 protein is an eIF4G family member previously implicated in mediating cap-independent IRES driven translation in response to various cellular stresses. Unexpectedly, we have recently found that DAP5 is also essential for continuous cell survival in non-stressed cells. We reported in this respect that the knock down of endogenous DAP5 by RNA-interference induces M-phase specific caspase-dependent cell death. Bcl-2 and CDK1 were identified as DAP5 mRNA targets, the translation of which was selectively reduced in the DAP5 knock down cells. They each possess a functional IRES element in their 5'UTR. Here we review the major results of this study and present new data on the link of DAP5 to additional Bcl-2 family members. In addition we discuss other possible cellular phenotypes resulting from the knock down of DAP5 in these cells.

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