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J Dent. 2009 Apr;37(4):237-49. doi: 10.1016/j.jdent.2008.12.003. Epub 2009 Jan 20.

Researching the impact of oral health on diet and nutritional status: methodological issues.

Author information

  • 1School of Dental Sciences, WHO Collaborating Centre for Nutrition and Oral Health, Newcastle University, Framlington Place, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom. p.j.moynihan@ncl.ac.uk

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Assessment of the impact of dental function on diet and nutritional status requires robust methodologies and a standardised approach to increase accuracy of results and to facilitate cross study comparisons. The objectives of this paper are: to report the outcomes of a consensus workshop that critically reviewed publications reporting on dietary methodologies in relation to the impact of oral health on nutrition; to highlight future directions for research and; to make recommendations for appropriate use of methodologies for future research.

DATA:

Data relevant to nutrition and dental status published from 1980 to 2005 in English were presented at the consensus workshop for discussion and appraisal.

SOURCES:

Relevant papers were retrieved through PubMed. Relevant texts were obtained from the library at Newcastle University, UK.

STUDY SELECTION:

A purposive sample of original articles that illustrated the application of a range of nutritional methodologies to the study of oral health impacts was identified. Original flagship texts on nutritional methodologies were reviewed.

CONCLUSIONS:

Numerous studies have shown an association between loss of teeth and inferior diet. Further research is required to elucidate the impact of novel approaches to prosthetic rehabilitation and the impact of contemporaneous dietary and dental intervention on diet, nutritional status, disease progression and quality of life. The recommendation of the consensus workshop was that future studies should adopt a comprehensive approach to the assessment of nutrition that encompasses measurement of diet, body composition, biochemical indices of intake and levels of nutrients, and functional biomarkers of disease.

PMID:
19157673
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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