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Cancer Res. 2009 Feb 1;69(3):731-4. doi: 10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-08-3349. Epub 2009 Jan 20.

The transcriptional corepressor CtBP: a foe of multiple tumor suppressors.

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  • 1Institute for Molecular Virology, Saint Louis University Health Sciences Center, Doisy Research Center, St Louis, Missouri 63104, USA.


CtBP1 and CtBP2 are closely related and evolutionarily conserved transcriptional corepressors. There is strong evidence linking CtBPs to tumorigenesis and tumor progression. CtBPs promote epithelial-mesenchymal transition and function as apoptosis antagonists. Also, CtBPs mediate repression of several tumor suppressor genes. Certain tumor suppressors also target CtBPs to restrain their tumor-promoting activity. Down-regulation of CtBPs mediated by some tumor suppressors results in p53-independent apoptosis and reduced tumor cell migration and invasion. The role of CtBPs in modulating the activities of different tumor suppressors is reviewed here. The results discussed here suggest that CtBPs may constitute a novel p53-independent anticancer target.

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