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Neurology. 2009 Jan 20;72(3):260-7. doi: 10.1212/01.wnl.0000339484.61490.a4.

Autosomal dominant subcortical gliosis presenting as frontotemporal dementia.

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  • 1University of Kansas School of Medicine, Landon Center on Aging, MS 2012, 3901 Rainbow Boulevard, Kansas City, KS 66160, USA.



To describe a multigenerational kindred with a frontotemporal dementia clinical syndrome (FTDS), extensive subcortical gliosis pathology, and autosomal dominant genetics.


Clinical, imaging, and pathologic evaluations of multiple family members.


Symptom onset commonly occurred in the fifth or sixth decade, although some kindred members did not develop obvious symptoms until their eighth decade. White matter changes were prominent on both MRI and CT imaging. Results from six brain autopsy evaluations showed consistent but varying degrees of pathology that, while unique, share some histologic similarities with leukodystrophies. These brains were notably devoid of both tau- and ubiquitin-containing inclusions.


Subcortical gliosis in this kindred arises from mutation of a novel gene or else represents a unique frontotemporal dementia clinical syndrome variant caused by mutation of an already known gene. Clinical relevance and research implications are discussed.

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