Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Biochemistry. 2009 Mar 10;48(9):2033-44. doi: 10.1021/bi802061z.

Cross-linking of a DOPA-containing peptide ligand into its G protein-coupled receptor.

Author information

  • 1Department of Microbiology, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee 37996, USA.


The interaction between a 3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (DOPA) labeled analogue of the tridecapeptide alpha-factor (W-H-W-L-Q-L-K-P-G-Q-P-M-Y) and Ste2p, a Saccharomyces cerevisiae model G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR), has been analyzed by periodate-mediated cross-linking. Chemically synthesized alpha-factor with DOPA substituting for tyrosine at position 13 and biotin tagged onto lysine(7)([Lys(7)(BioACA),Nle(12),DOPA(13)]alpha-factor; Bio-DOPA-alpha-factor) was used for cross-linking into Ste2p. The biological activity of Bio-DOPA-alpha-factor was about one-third that of native alpha-factor as determined by growth arrest assay and exhibited about a 10-fold lower binding affinity to Ste2p. Bio-DOPA-alpha-factor cross-linked into Ste2p as demonstrated by Western blot analysis using a neutravidin-HRP conjugate to detect Bio-DOPA-alpha-factor. Cross-linking was inhibited by excess native alpha-factor and an alpha-factor antagonist. The Ste2p-ligand complex was purified using a metal ion affinity column, and after cyanogen bromide treatment, avidin affinity purification was used to capture Bio-DOPA-alpha-factor-Ste2p cross-linked peptides. MALDI-TOF spectrometric analyses of the cross-linked fragments showed that Bio-DOPA-alpha-factor reacted with the Phe(55)-Met(69) region of Ste2p. Cross-linking of Bio-DOPA-alpha-factor was reduced by 80% using a cysteine-less Ste2p (Cys59Ser). These results suggest an interaction between position 13 of alpha-factor and residue Cys(59) of Ste2p. This study is the first to report DOPA cross-linking of a peptide hormone to a GPCR and the first to identify a residue-to-residue cross-link between Ste2p and alpha-factor, thereby defining a specific contact point between the bound ligand and its receptor.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for American Chemical Society Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk