Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Oncogene. 2009 Mar 5;28(9):1241-7. doi: 10.1038/onc.2008.487. Epub 2009 Jan 19.

Akt2, but not Akt1, is required for cell survival by inhibiting activation of JNK and p38 after UV irradiation.

Author information

  • 1Department of Biochemistry, College of Medicine, Dong-A University, Seo-Gu, Busan, South Korea.

Abstract

The serine/threonine protein kinase, Akt/PKB, has an essential function in cell survival during response to various stresses. Recent studies have demonstrated that Akt isoforms exhibit some distinct physiological functions, but the isotype-specific functions for Akt in the stress response have not been fully identified. In this study, we analysed the cellular response to genotoxic stress using isogenic wild-type, Akt1(-/-) and Akt2(-/-) mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs). Marked hypersensitivity of Akt2(-/-) MEFs was observed to UV irradiation, whereas wild-type and Akt1(-/-) MEFs showed comparable levels of resistance. Akt2(-/-) mouse aortic endothelial cells also showed hypersensitivity to UV and the reconstitution of Akt2 expression in the Akt2(-/-) MEFs restored the UV resistance of the cells. Interestingly, upon UV irradiation, JNK and p38 were significantly upregulated in Akt2(-/-) MEFs, compared to wild-type and Akt1(-/-) MEFs. Additionally, inhibition of JNK and p38 activation reduced UV-induced cell death. Furthermore, both the hyperactivation of JNK and p38 and the UV-induced cell death in Akt2(-/-) MEFs were completely inhibited by restoring Akt2 expression. These results indicate that Akt2, but not Akt1, is essential for cell survival upon UV irradiation, and that Akt2 prevents UV-induced cell death by inhibiting activation of JNK and p38.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Nature Publishing Group
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk