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Arq Gastroenterol. 2008 Oct-Dec;45(4):284-9.

Eating practices, nutritional status and constipation in patients with Rett syndrome.

[Article in English, Portuguese]

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  • 1Post Graduation Course on Nutrition, Federal University of São Paulo, Paulista School of Medicine, São Paulo, SP, Brasil.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Disturbance in chewing, swallowing and digestive motility may predispose to feeding and nutritional abnormalities in patients with Rett syndrome.

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the dietary habits, nutritional status and the prevalence of constipation in patients with classical Rett syndrome.

METHODS:

Twenty seven female patients between the ages of 2.6 and 21.8 years were studied. The following parameters were evaluated: food register, weight, height and intestinal movement characteristics. Weight and height were compared with the National Center for Health Statistics standards.

RESULTS:

The inability to ingest solid foods was observed in 80.8% of the patients. A height-to-age deficit was observed in 13 (48.1%) of the girls, being more intense in patients at stage IV. Weight-for-height deficit was found in 10 (37.0%) patients, 15 (55.6%) showed normal weight and 2 (7.4%) were overweight for their height. The median ingestion of energy, according to weight-for-height, was equal to 106.6%. Insufficient iron ingestion was observed in 63.0% and insufficient calcium in 55.6% of the patients. Constipation was verified in 74.1% of the patients and did not show a relationship with the quantity of fiber in the diet.

CONCLUSION:

Various nutritional problems, as well as, intestinal constipation were observed in these patients with Rett syndrome, and they must be considered in the multidisciplinary therapeutic planning of these individuals.

PMID:
19148355
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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