Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Gene. 2009 Mar 15;433(1-2):72-80. doi: 10.1016/j.gene.2008.12.010. Epub 2008 Dec 24.

The developmentally-regulated Smoc2 gene is repressed by Aryl-hydrocarbon receptor (Ahr) signaling.

Author information

  • 1Department of Pathology, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02118, USA.


SPARC-Related Modular Calcium Binding Protein-2 (Smoc-2) is a broadly-expressed matricellular protein which contributes to mitogenesis via activation of Integrin-Linked Kinase (ILK). Here we show that expression of Smoc2 is repressed in cultured cells following treatment with Aryl-hydrocarbon receptor (Ahr) ligands including the ubiquitous environmental pollutants Benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) and 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD). The Smoc2 promoter contains two consensus putative Ahr-binding sites and Smoc2 promoter-driven reporter genes are repressed in response to B[a]P in an Ahr-dependent manner in cultured cells. Using organ culture experiments we show that TCDD also represses Smoc2 mRNA expression in testes from Ahr(+/+) but not Ahr(-/-) mice. Therefore, exposure to Ahr ligands is likely to affect Smoc2 expression in vivo. Taken together our results indicate that Smoc2 is a novel transcriptional target of activated Ahr. Perturbation of Smoc2 expression may mediate the adverse developmental effects of environmental aryl-hydrocarbon exposure.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk