Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Neural Transm. 2009 Feb;116(2):203-12. doi: 10.1007/s00702-008-0177-6. Epub 2009 Jan 14.

Combined CSF tau, p-tau181 and amyloid-beta 38/40/42 for diagnosing Alzheimer's disease.

Author information

  • 1Klinik für Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie, Universität Duisburg-Essen, Rheinische Kliniken Essen, Essen, Germany.

Abstract

Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) concentrations of amyloid-beta (Abeta) 1-38, 1-40, 1-42, total-tau and phospho-tau in samples from 156 patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) (n = 44), depressive cognitive complainers (DCC, n = 25) and various other forms of non-Alzheimer dementias (NAD, n = 87) were analyzed by electrochemiluminescence and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay, respectively. A significant decrease of CSF Abeta1-42 was the most powerful single marker for differentiation of AD from DCC, yielding accuracies of beyond 85%. Increased p-tau and the ratio Abeta1-42/Abeta1-38 yielded accuracies of beyond 80 and 85%, respectively, to discriminate AD versus NAD. Combining p-tau with Abeta1-42/Abeta1-38 resulted in a sensitivity of 94% for detection of AD and 85% specificity for excluding NAD. Decreased CSF Abeta1-42 represents a core biomarker for AD. The lack of specificity for exclusion of NAD can be most effectively compensated by the ratio Abeta1-42/Abeta1-38. The ratio Abeta1-42/Abeta1-38/p-tau powerfully discriminates AD versus NAD and fulfils the accuracy requirements for an applicable screening and differential diagnostic AD biomarker.

PMID:
19142572
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for Springer
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk