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Mol Biol (Mosk). 2008 Nov-Dec;42(6):965-76.

[Down-regulation of RBSP3/CTDSPL, NPRL2/G21, RASSF1A, ITGA9, HYAL1 and HYAL2 genes in non-small cell lung cancer].

[Article in Russian]

Abstract

Chromosomal and genome abnormalities of 3p are frequent events in many epithelial tumours, including lung cancer. Several critical regions with high frequency of hemi--and homozygous deletions in tumours were detected on 3p and more then 20 different cancer-related genes were identified in 3p21.3 locus. Real-time PCR was used to measure mRNA level of tumour-suppressor genes and candidates in 3p21.3 (RBSP3/CTDSPL, NPRL2/G21, RASSF1A, ITGA9, HYAL1 and HYAL2 in basic types of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC)--squamous cell lung cancer (SCC) and lung adenocarcinoma (AC). Significant (from 2 to 100 times) and frequent (from 44 to 100%) mRNA level decrease was shown in NSCLC. Level and frequency of mRNA decrease for all genes depended on histological type of NSCLC. Down-regulation of RASSF1A and ITGA9 was associated significantly with AC progression, the same tendency was found for genes RBSP3/CTDSPL, NPRL2/G21, HYAL1 and HYAL2. On the contrary, down-regulation of all genes in SCC was not associated with clinical stages, tumor cells differentiation and metastases in lymph nodes. Significant decrease of RBSP3/CTDSPL, NPRL2/G21, ITGA9, HYAL1 and HYAL2 mRNA levels (on average, 5-13 times) with high frequency (83-100%) was already shown at the first stage of SCC. Simultaneous decrease of all six genes mRNA level was found in the same tumor samples and was not depended on their localization on 3p21.3 and functions of the proteins. Spearman's correlation coefficient r(s) was from 0.63 to 0.91, P < 0.001. Co-regulation of gene pairs ITGA9 and HYAL2, HYAL1 and HYAL2, which mediate cell-cell adhesion and cell-matrix interaction, was suggested based on the obtained data. It was shown that genetic and epigenetic mechanisms were important for down-regulation of RBSP3/CTDSPL and ITGA9 genes. These results supported the hypothesis on simultaneous inactivation of cluster cancer-related genes in extended 3p21.3 locus during development and progression of lung cancer and other epithelial tumors. Significant and frequent decrease of mRNA level of six genes in SCC could be important for development of specific biomarker sets for early SCC diagnosis and new therapeutic approaches/strategies for NSCLC.

PMID:
19140316
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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