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J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2009 Jan;17(1):48-55.

Parkinson's disease and the orthopaedic patient.

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  • 1Department of orthopaedic Surgery and Rehabilitation Medicine, Suny Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, NY, USA.


Parkinson's disease is a progressive neurologic disorder that affects the musculoskeletal system in multiple ways. As medication and surgical management of this disorder have improved, the life spans and quality of life of patients affected by it also have improved. With age, the risk of fracture, osteoarthritis, and osteopenia increase in patients with Parkinson's disease compared with the general population. The symptoms of Parkinson's disease predispose patients to gait abnormalities and loss of bone mass, which commonly result in falls and fracture. Although preventive measures such as medication, lifestyle changes, and vitamin replacement may help, surgical intervention is often indicated. Surgical treatment and postoperative management of both elective and emergent surgery are complicated and controversial.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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