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Br J Sports Med. 1991 Mar;25(1):49-51.

Temporomandibular dysfunction syndrome associated with scuba diving mouthpieces.

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  • Department of Dental Health, Dundee Dental Hospital, UK.


As previous reports have highlighted that temporomandibular joint dysfunction syndrome can occur during scuba diving due to the use of a diving mouthpiece, 74 divers of varied experience (62 male, 12 female) were asked to evaluate the efficiency of the mouthpiece for the ease of grip, insertion into the mouth, clearing of water, air sharing, comfort and overall efficiency. They also recorded the level of muscle and joint discomfort experienced during diving and non-diving activities. The results indicate that temporomandibular joint problems unrelated to diving are compounded by the use of a diving mouthpiece. The diver's assessment of muscle tension and comfort while using the mouthpiece was found to be a good predictor of whether temporomandibular dysfunction would occur and the assessment scores have been used in a formula to aid selection of a mouthpiece.

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