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N Engl J Med. 2009 Jan 29;360(5):470-80. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa0808253. Epub 2009 Jan 7.

Deletion of IKZF1 and prognosis in acute lymphoblastic leukemia.

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  • 1Department of Pathology, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, TN 38105, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Despite best current therapy, up to 20% of pediatric patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) have a relapse. Recent genomewide analyses have identified a high frequency of DNA copy-number abnormalities in ALL, but the prognostic implications of these abnormalities have not been defined.

METHODS:

We studied a cohort of 221 children with high-risk B-cell-progenitor ALL with the use of single-nucleotide-polymorphism microarrays, transcriptional profiling, and resequencing of samples obtained at diagnosis. Children with known very-high-risk ALL subtypes (i.e., BCR-ABL1-positive ALL, hypodiploid ALL, and ALL in infants) were excluded from this cohort. A copy-number abnormality was identified as a predictor of poor outcome, and it was then tested in an independent validation cohort of 258 patients with B-cell-progenitor ALL.

RESULTS:

More than 50 recurring copy-number abnormalities were identified, most commonly involving genes that encode regulators of B-cell development (in 66.8% of patients in the original cohort); PAX5 was involved in 31.7% and IKZF1 in 28.6% of patients. Using copy-number abnormalities, we identified a predictor of poor outcome that was validated in the independent validation cohort. This predictor was strongly associated with alteration of IKZF1, a gene that encodes the lymphoid transcription factor IKAROS. The gene-expression signature of the group of patients with a poor outcome revealed increased expression of hematopoietic stem-cell genes and reduced expression of B-cell-lineage genes, and it was similar to the signature of BCR-ABL1-positive ALL, another high-risk subtype of ALL with a high frequency of IKZF1 deletion.

CONCLUSIONS:

Genetic alteration of IKZF1 is associated with a very poor outcome in B-cell-progenitor ALL.

2009 Massachusetts Medical Society

Comment in

PMID:
19129520
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2674612
Free PMC Article

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