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Skull Base. 2008 Jul;18(4):253-63. doi: 10.1055/s-2007-1016958.

Temporalis myofascial flap for primary cranial base reconstruction after tumor resection.

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  • 1Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the use of the temporalis myofascial flap in primary cranial base reconstruction following surgical tumor ablation and to explain technical issues, potential complications, and donor site consequences along with their management.

DESIGN:

Retrospective case series.

SETTING:

Tertiary referral center.

PARTICIPANTS:

Forty-one consecutive patients receiving primary temporalis myofascial flap reconstructions following cranial base tumor resections in a 4-year period.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Flap survival, postoperative complications, and donor site morbidity.

RESULTS:

Patients included 37 males and 4 females ranging in age from 10 to 65 years. Two patients received preoperative and 18 postoperative radiation therapy. Patient follow-up ranged from 4 to 39 months. The whole temporalis muscle was used in 26 patients (63.4%) and only part of a coronally split muscle was used in 15 patients (36.6%). Nine patients had primary donor site reconstruction using a Medpor((R)) (Porex Surgical, Inc., Newnan, GA) temporal fossa implant; these had excellent aesthetic results. There were no cases of complete flap loss. Partial flap dehiscence was seen in six patients (14.6%); only two required surgical débridement. None of the patients developed cerebrospinal leaks or meningitis. One patient was left with complete paralysis of the temporal branch of the facial nerve. Three patients (all had received postoperative irradiation) developed permanent trismus.

CONCLUSIONS:

The temporalis myofascial flap was found to be an excellent reconstructive alternative for a wide variety of skull base defects following tumor ablation. It is a very reliable, versatile flap that is usually available in the operative field with relatively low donor site aesthetic and functional morbidity.

KEYWORDS:

Temporalis muscle flap; cranial base; reconstruction

PMID:
19119340
[PubMed]
PMCID:
PMC2467482
Free PMC Article
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