Display Settings:


Send to:

Choose Destination
J Cell Sci. 2009 Jan 15;122(Pt 2):227-32. doi: 10.1242/jcs.035246.

Mice that lack activity of alphavbeta6- and alphavbeta8-integrins reproduce the abnormalities of Tgfb1- and Tgfb3-null mice.

Author information

  • 1Department of Cell Biology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY 10016, USA.


The arginine-glycine-aspartate (RGD)-binding integrins alphavbeta6 and alphavbeta8 activate latent TGFbeta1 and TGFbeta3 in vivo, but it is uncertain whether other RGD-binding integrins such as integrins alphavbeta5 and alphavbeta3 activate these TGFbeta isoforms. To define the combined role of alphavbeta6- and alphavbeta8-integrin in TGFbeta activation, we analyzed mice lacking function of both integrins by means of gene deletion and/or pharmacologic inhibition. Most Itgb6-/-;Itgb8-/- embryos die at mid-gestation; those that survive develop cleft palate-as observed in Tgfb3-/- mice. Itgb8-/- mice treated with an anti-alphavbeta6-integrin antibody develop severe autoimmunity and lack Langerhans cells-similar to Tgfb1-null mice. These results support a model in which TGFbeta3-mediated palate fusion and TGFbeta1-mediated suppression of autoimmunity and generation of Langerhans cells require integrins alphavbeta6 and alphavbeta8 but not other RGD-binding integrins as TGFbeta activators.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Images from this publication.See all images (3)Free text

Fig. 1.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 3.
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk