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Eur Urol. 2009 Jun;55(6):1459-67. doi: 10.1016/j.eururo.2008.12.008. Epub 2008 Dec 17.

Medium-term anatomic and functional results of laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy beyond the learning curve.

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  • 1Pelvic Floor Unit, University Hospitals Leuven, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.



Limited prospective data on the anatomic and functional outcome after laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy (LSC) are available in the literature.


To describe the medium-term anatomic and functional outcome of LSC.


Prospective consecutive series of 132 women with vaginal vault prolapse undergoing LSC between 2001 and 2006, which was after our learning curve. Patients with urodynamically proven stress incontinence (SI) underwent a concomitant tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) procedure.


Patients underwent LSC with a polypropylene implant.


Principal outcome measures were anatomic cure (stage 1 or lower) assessed by the Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification (POPQ) system and subjective cure and impact on quality of life measured by a standardised interview and, since its introduction in 2004, by a prolapse-specific quality-of-life questionnaire (P-QOL).


At a mean follow-up of 12.5 mo, the anatomic cure rate for the apex was 98%. Anatomic failures elsewhere were mainly at the posterior compartment (18%). Subjective prolapse cure rate was 91.7%, and no patients required reoperation for recurrent prolapse. Symptoms of preoperative SI, urge incontinence, or constipation were cured in 43%, 46%, and 42% of patients, respectively. The rate of de novo SI was 7.3%. De novo constipation developed in 5% and de novo dyspareunia developed in 19%. Patients' quality of life improved significantly. Erosions occurred in 4.5%, all within 1 yr. A limitation of the study is that the quality-of-life assessment score became available halfway through the study, limiting the number of preoperative observations (n=36).


We demonstrated that LSC results in good anatomic outcome and subjective cure of prolapse symptoms at medium term. The posterior compartment was most vulnerable for recurrence.

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