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Trends Parasitol. 2009 Feb;25(2):71-6. doi: 10.1016/ Epub 2008 Dec 26.

Evaluation of integrated vector management.

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  • 1Laboratory of Entomology, Wageningen University and Research Centre, PO Box 8031, 6700 EH Wageningen, the Netherlands.


Initiatives on integrated vector management (IVM) approaches are increasingly undertaken as alternatives to existing vector control. An impact model of IVM is presented with performance and impact indicators at six causal steps from coverage of the intervention to impact on disease. Impacts in fields other than health are also discussed because of the emphasis in IVM on capacity building, partnerships and sustainability. A conceptual framework for evaluation of IVM is designed, based on considerations of the selection of indicators, level of inference, cluster size and method of evaluation. The framework, which is tested in three case studies, is intended as guidance for public health workers and policy-makers.

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