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Opt Express. 2008 Dec 22;16(26):22003-28.

Optical resonances on sub-wavelength silver lamellar gratings.

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  • 1School of Physics, University of Exeter, Exeter, Devon, EX4 4QL, United Kingdom.


The optical response of sub-wavelength silver lamellar gratings has been theoretically investigated. Two distinct types of resonance have been predicted for incident radiation with E-field perpendicular to the long axis of the wires. The first resonance has been identified as a cavity mode resonance that is associated with transmission enhancement. The second resonance has been identified as an entirely new horizontal plasmon resonance on the incident (and transmission) surfaces of the wires of the grating. Normal surface plasmon modes are investigated on discontinuous gratings, and their relation to those found on continuous gratings is highlighted by focusing on the perturbation effect of the discontinuities. It is shown that the new horizontal plasmon mode is in no way related to the well known diffractively coupled surface plasmon, and is shown to have a particle plasmon-like nature. It is therefore termed a horizontal particle plasmon, and may be either an uncoupled horizontal particle plasmon resonance (a 1-dimensional particle plasmon) or a coupled horizontal particle plasmon resonance (a 2-dimensional particle plasmon) depending on the height of the grating. It is shown that this resonance may result in a reflection efficiency that is very high, even when the grating would be optically thin if it were a homogeneous film, therefore, it behaves as an inverse wire grid polariser as it reflects more TM than TE incident radiation.

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