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J Biol Chem. 2009 Feb 20;284(8):5056-66. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M808128200. Epub 2008 Dec 17.

Slc2a5 (Glut5) is essential for the absorption of fructose in the intestine and generation of fructose-induced hypertension.

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  • 1Center on Genetics of Transport and Epithelial Biology and the Department of Medicine, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio 45267, USA.

Abstract

The identity of the transporter responsible for fructose absorption in the intestine in vivo and its potential role in fructose-induced hypertension remain speculative. Here we demonstrate that Glut5 (Slc2a5) deletion reduced fructose absorption by approximately 75% in the jejunum and decreased the concentration of serum fructose by approximately 90% relative to wild-type mice on increased dietary fructose. When fed a control (60% starch) diet, Glut5(-/-) mice had normal blood pressure and displayed normal weight gain. However, whereas Glut5(+/+) mice showed enhanced salt absorption in their jejuna in response to luminal fructose and developed systemic hypertension when fed a high fructose (60% fructose) diet for 14 weeks, Glut5(-/-) mice did not display fructose-stimulated salt absorption in their jejuna, and they experienced a significant impairment of nutrient absorption in their intestine with accompanying hypotension as early as 3-5 days after the start of a high fructose diet. Examination of the intestinal tract of Glut5(-/-) mice fed a high fructose diet revealed massive dilatation of the caecum and colon, consistent with severe malabsorption, along with a unique adaptive up-regulation of ion transporters. In contrast to the malabsorption of fructose, Glut5(-/-) mice did not exhibit an absorption defect when fed a high glucose (60% glucose) diet. We conclude that Glut5 is essential for the absorption of fructose in the intestine and plays a fundamental role in the generation of fructose-induced hypertension. Deletion of Glut5 results in a serious nutrient-absorptive defect and volume depletion only when the animals are fed a high fructose diet and is associated with compensatory adaptive up-regulation of ion-absorbing transporters in the colon.

PMID:
19091748
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2643499
Free PMC Article

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