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Chem Soc Rev. 2009 Jan;38(1):89-99. doi: 10.1039/b804323j. Epub 2008 Oct 24.

Electrocatalytic and homogeneous approaches to conversion of CO2 to liquid fuels.

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  • 1Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive MC 0358, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA.


Research in the field of catalytic reduction of carbon dioxide to liquid fuels has grown rapidly in the past few decades. This is due to the increasing amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere and a steady climb in global fuel demand. This tutorial review will present much of the significant work that has been done in the field of electrocatalytic and homogeneous reduction of carbon dioxide over the past three decades. It will then extend the discussion to the important conclusions from previous work and recommendations for future directions to develop a catalytic system that will convert carbon dioxide to liquid fuels with high efficiencies.

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