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Am J Cardiol. 2008 Dec 22;102(12A):28L-33L. doi: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2008.09.072.

Fenofibrate for cardiovascular disease prevention in metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes mellitus.

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  • 1University of Toronto, Toronto General Hospital, 200 Elizabeth Street, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. george.steiner@utoronto.ca

Abstract

Clinical guidelines highlight the importance of managing atherogenic mixed dyslipidemia to reduce the risk of premature cardiovascular disease in type 2 diabetes mellitus and metabolic syndrome. The lipid-modifying activity of fenofibrate, as demonstrated in clinical studies, indicates its effectiveness in treating dyslipidemia characteristic of these conditions. Fenofibrate also has a favorable impact on a number of nonlipid residual risk factors associated with type 2 diabetes and metabolic syndrome, mediated by peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-alpha. In patients with type 2 diabetes, fenofibrate is effective in reducing the progression of coronary artery disease, as demonstrated by the Diabetes Atherosclerosis Intervention Study (DAIS). In the Fenofibrate Intervention and Event Lowering in Diabetes (FIELD) study, the primary end point (major coronary events) was not significantly reduced by fenofibrate treatment. However, other findings from this study suggest that fenofibrate reduces cardiovascular risk. Both DAIS and the FIELD study also indicate that fenofibrate may offer additional vascular benefits, specifically affecting the progression of diabetes-related microvascular disease.

PMID:
19084087
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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