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Talanta. 2007 Apr 30;72(2):546-53. doi: 10.1016/j.talanta.2006.11.021. Epub 2006 Dec 20.

Ultra-trace level determination of hydroquinone in waste photographic solutions by UV-vis spectrophotometry.

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  • 1National Center of Excellence in Analytical Chemistry, University of Sindh, Jamshoro, Pakistan.


A simpler UV-vis spectrophotometric method was investigated for hydroquinone (HQ) determination using KMnO(4) as oxidizing agent for conversion of HQ to p-benzoquinone (BQ) as well as signal enhancer. Various parameters such as analytical wavelength, stability time, temperature, pH, solvent effect and interference of chemicals were checked and parameters optimized by using 1mugml(-1) standard solution of HQ. Beer's Law was applicable in the range of 0.07-2mugml(-1) and 0.005-0.05mugml(-1) at 245.5nm and at 262nm for aqueous standard solutions of HQ with linear regression coefficient value of 0.9978 and 0.9843 and detection limit of 0.021mugml(-1) and 0.0016mugml(-1) HQ, respectively. Standard deviation of 1.7% and 2.4% was true for 1mugml(-1) and 0.03mugml(-1) HQ solution (n=11) run at respective wavelengths. The method was successfully applied to dilute waste photographic developer samples for free HQ determination.

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