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Pak J Biol Sci. 2007 Jan 15;10(2):220-4.

The prevalence of hepatitis B, hepatitis C and HIV infections in non-IV drug opioid poisoned patients in Tehran-Iran.

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  • 1Loghman-Hakim Hospital Poisoned Center, Faculty of Toxicological Research Center (TCR), Shaheed Beheshti University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran.


The present study intends to look into the prevalence of these infections in the non-IVdrug abusing addicts whom were treated at our center. A pilot study was conducted on 20 patients who were admitted in poisoning center of Loghman-Hakim Hospital in Tehran due to non-IV drug overdose. One positive HIV antibody and one positive HBS antigen cases were found in this group. The pilot study was later expanded to a descriptive cross-sectional study on 214 patients. In this study 196 patients (91.6%) were male and 18 (8.4%) were female. The average age of subjects was 37.9, having the highest frequency between 20 to 30-years-old. The study showed that 14.48% (F = 31) had positive HCV antibody and 1.86% (F = 4) had positive HBS antigen and 1.4% (F = 3) had positive HIV antibody in their blood serum. One hundred and forty three patients (66.8%), were poisoned through oral opium consumption, 24 patients (11.2%) through inhalation and 18 (8.4%) both oral and inhalation. The remain; were IV-abuser or the manner of poisoning was unknown. This study signifies the need for heightened attention and preventive measures against the infection of the health care professionals by hepatitis C (HCV) virus.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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