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Women Health. 2008;48(3):303-23. doi: 10.1080/03630240802463517.

Role involvement and well-being in middle-aged women.

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  • 1Institut für Psychologie, Universität Bern, Bern, Switzerland. pasqualina.perrigchiello@psy.unibe.ch



The aim of this research was to shed light on the relation of social role experiences and health to well-being outcomes of 198 middle-aged (40-55 years old) Swiss women living in various familial contexts (double-track women, i.e., partnered working mothers, homemakers, single mothers, single women).


Our results revealed that the way roles were experienced was primarily a function of a specific living context and satisfying social resources. Double-track women and homemakers showed the highest social role satisfaction rates and had better health and well-being outcomes than other women. Common to all groups was a considerable difference between actual and desired role investment.


The findings are discussed in terms of a resource-oriented model of well-being.

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