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Cancer Treat Rev. 2009 May;35(3):193-200. doi: 10.1016/j.ctrv.2008.10.004. Epub 2008 Dec 4.

The footprints of cancer development: Cancer biomarkers.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Life Sciences, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, UP 202002, India.


Diagnostic detection and measurement of cancer disease progression are essential elements for successful cancer disease management. The early stages of cancer development carry the maximum potential for therapeutic interventions. However, these stages are often asymptomatic, leading to delayed diagnosis at the very advanced stages when effective treatments are unavailing. The application of biomarkers to cancer is leading the way because of the unique association of genomic changes in cancer cells with the disease process. They have the potential to not only help identify who will develop cancer but also to predict as to when the event is most likely to occur. In recent years, there has been an enormous effort to develop specific and sensitive biomarkers for precise and accurate screening, diagnosis, prognosis and monitoring of high risk cancer to assist with therapeutic decisions. The present article is a brief review of the emerging trends in the development of biomarkers for early detection and precise evaluation of cancer disease.

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