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Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2009 Feb;7(2):212-8. doi: 10.1016/j.cgh.2008.10.035. Epub 2008 Nov 7.

Safety and antiviral activity of albinterferon alfa-2b in prior interferon nonresponders with chronic hepatitis C.

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  • 1University of Florida College of Medicine, Box 100214, Room M-440, Gainesville, Florida 32610-0214, USA. nelsodr@medicine.ufl.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND & AIMS:

Pegylated interferon alfa-2a/2b is used in combination with ribavirin to treat patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC), although many do not achieve a sustained virologic response (SVR). Albinterferon alfa-2b, a recombinant protein consisting of interferon alfa-2b fused to human albumin, may increase drug exposure. This phase 2 study evaluated the safety/efficacy of albinterferon in CHC patients who had not responded to interferon-based regimens.

METHODS:

A total of 115 patients were assigned to 5 groups given 1200 microg albinterferon every 4 weeks or 900, 1200, 1500, or 1800 microg every 2 weeks, plus oral ribavirin, for 48 weeks. The primary efficacy end point was achievement of an SVR after 24 weeks. Treatment was extended to 72 weeks for 6 slow responders who were negative for hepatitis C virus RNA after 24 weeks.

RESULTS:

The types of adverse events were similar across groups; the overall discontinuation rate as a result of adverse events was 10.4%. Reductions in absolute neutrophil counts were less frequent in the every 4 weeks group and comparable among the every 2 weeks groups. The overall SVR rate was 17% (11% for previous nonresponders to pegylated interferon-alfa/ribavirin with genotype 1 infection). An SVR occurred in 3 of 6 slow responders by 72 weeks. The greatest reductions in hepatitis C virus RNA in nonresponders to pegylated interferon-alfa/ribavirin with genotype 1 infection were observed in the 1800-microg group.

CONCLUSIONS:

In patients with CHC who did not respond to interferon-based regimens, higher doses of albinterferon had significant early antiviral activity and a low incidence of adverse events, with the types of adverse events similar to those observed with interferon.

PMID:
19061971
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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