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Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2009 Feb;296(2):H263-71. doi: 10.1152/ajpheart.00425.2008. Epub 2008 Dec 5.

Distinct phosphodiesterase-4D variants integrate into protein kinase A-based signaling complexes in cardiac and vascular myocytes.

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  • 1Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada.


Numerous cAMP-elevating agents regulate events required for efficient migration of arterial vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). Interestingly, when the impact of cAMP-elevating agents on individual migration-related events is studied, these agents have been shown to have distinct, and sometimes unexpected, effects. For example, although cAMP-elevating agents inhibit overall migration, they promote VSMC adhesion to extracellular matrix proteins and the formation of membrane extensions, which are both events that are essential for and promote migration. Herein, we extend previous observations that identified phosphodiesterase-4D3 (PDE4D3) as an integral component of a PKA/A kinase-anchoring protein (AKAP) complex in cultured/hypertrophied rat cardiac myocytes to the case for nonhypertrophied cardiac myocytes. Moreover, we show that while rat aortic VSMCs also express PDE4D3, this protein is not detected in PKA/AKAP complexes isolated from these cells. In contrast, we show that another PDE4D splice variant expressed in arterial vascular myocytes, namely, PDE4D8, integrates into PKA/AKAP-based signaling complexes in VSMCs. Consistent with the idea that a PDE4D8/PKA/AKAP complex regulates specific VSMC functions, PKA and PDE4D8 were each recruited to leading-edge structures in migrating VSMCs, and inhibition of PDE4D8 recruitment to pseudopodia of migrating cells caused localized changes in actin dynamics. Our data are presented in the context that cardiac myocytes and arterial VSMCs may use distinct PDE4D variants to regulate selected pools of targeted PKA activity and that disruption of this complex may allow selective regulation of cAMP-dependent events between these two cardiovascular cell types.

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