Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Perinatol. 2008 Dec;28 Suppl 3:S36-42. doi: 10.1038/jp.2008.155.

Meconium aspiration syndrome requiring assisted ventilation: perspective in a setting with limited resources.

Author information

  • 1Department of Paediatrics, Chris Hani Baragwanath Hospital, University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.


To determine characteristics, management, complications and outcome of neonates with meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS) requiring mechanical ventilation (MV). A retrospective review of clinical data of neonates with MAS who were admitted to a public hospital for MV between January 2004 and December 2006. Eighty-eight neonates were ventilated for MAS. Thirty-one percent were postdates and 51% had no electronic fetal monitoring. Postnatal suctioning of meconium was not performed according to protocol in 47% of nonvigorous infants. High-frequency ventilation and surfactant were used in 32 and 14% of cases, respectively. Persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN) and pneumothorax occurred in 57 and 24% of cases, respectively. Overall mortality rate was 33%. Neonates suffering from MAS with PPHN had higher mortality rate of 48% compared with 13% in those suffering from MAS without PPHN. Factors associated with mortality were peak inspiratory pressure (P<0.001), pneumothorax (P<0.001) and PPHN (P=0.001). Postdates, inadequate intrapartum monitoring and limited use of adjunct respiratory therapies were common. Severe MAS is associated with adverse outcome.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Nature Publishing Group
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk