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Chem Res Toxicol. 2008 Dec;21(12):2324-33. doi: 10.1021/tx800352a.

Site-specific synthesis and characterization of oligonucleotides containing an N6-(2-deoxy-D-erythro-pentofuranosyl)-2,6-diamino-3,4-dihydro-4-oxo-5-N-methylformamidopyrimidine lesion, the ring-opened product from N7-methylation of deoxyguanosine.

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  • 1Department of Chemistr, Center in Molecular Toxicology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37235-1822, USA.


A phosphoramidite reagent of N6-(2-deoxy-D-erythro-pentofuranosyl)-2,6-diamino-1,4-dihydro-4-oxo-5-N-methylformamidopyrimidine (MeFapy-dGuo) lesions was synthesized in four steps from 2'-deoxyguanosine. Fapy nucleosides can rearrange to the pyranose form when the 5'-hydroxyl group is unprotected. The phosphoramidite was incorporated into oligonucleotides using solid-phase synthesis by adjusting the deprotection time for removal of the 5'-dimethoxytrityl group of the MeFapy-dGuo nucleotide, thereby minimizing its rearrangement to the ribopyranose. The furanose and pyranose forms were differentiated by a series of two-dimensional NMR experiments.

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