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Jpn J Cancer Res. 1991 Apr;82(4):403-10.

Quantitative assay of epidermal growth factor receptor in human squamous cell carcinomas of the oral region by an avidin-biotin method.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry, Okayama University Dental School.


A quantitative assay method for epidermal growth factor receptors (EGFRs) of human tumor tissues was established, based on enzyme-labeled avidin-biotin (LAB) interaction with anti-human EGFR monoclonal antibody 528IgG. A standard calibration curve for EGFR estimation in human tumor tissues was obtained with A431#8 cells cloned from A431 human epidermoid carcinoma cell line. The coefficient of variance for the standard curve was below 35% in the application to tumor tissues from nude mice implanted with human tumor cell lines. The minimum tissue amount required for the quantitative assay was around 0.1 g (wet weight). Using the LAB method, the correlation between the level of EGFR number and tumor malignancy was examined for 14 human squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs) from the oral region. Seven of the SCCs showed a more than two-fold higher EGFR number compared to normal gingival tissues. Three highly aggressive carcinomas with poor prognosis possessed five to ten times higher levels of EGFR number than normal tissues. The elevated EGFR level in the SCCs seems to correlate to increasing tumor size and the stage of SCCs as clinically classified according to the 1987 UICC TNM system.

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