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Chemosphere. 2009 Feb;74(5):642-7. doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2008.10.019. Epub 2008 Nov 26.

Trace element accumulation and distribution in four aquatic macrophytes.

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  • 1ERICo Velenje, Environmental Research and Industrial Co-operation d.o.o., Koroska 58, 3320 Velenje, Slovenia.


The concentration of trace elements was studied in different parts of the submersed species Najas marina and Potamogeton lucens and in floating-leaved species Nuphar lutea and Potamogeton nodosus, and also in the corresponding samples of water and sediment in the artificial lake Velenjsko jezero, where the large amount of ash from lignite coal (about 15 million tons) is deposited at the bottom. The concentration of trace elements in water was mainly below the detection limit. In sediment only the concentration of As was found to be above the average European background concentration. It also showed the highest degree of translocation from sediment into plant roots, but its mobility to above-ground plant parts was negligible. The submersed species N. marina and P. lucens exhibited similar concentrations of trace elements in their organs. Of the floating-leaved species, the lowest concentrations of trace elements were found in N. lutea and the largest in P. nodosus. Significantly higher concentrations of As, Ni, Pb and Cr were shown in roots of N. marina, P. lucens and P. nodosus than in their stems and leaves, whereas Cu and Zn were equally distributed throughout all their organs. Cr and Ni also showed relatively high mobility from roots to upper parts of N. lutea.

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